14 CFR AND PUBLICATIONS

Updated: Oct 7

14 CFR and Publications Lesson by wifiCFI


14 CFR

CFR is the “Code of Federal Regulations.”

This large book of codes contains the rules and regulations for all different aspects of United States Law.

Section 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations deals with aviation and air travel.

There are many different chapters of section 14. They include things such as:

In-flight rules for pilots

Airspace

Aircraft Maintenance

Airport Operations

Accidents and more

FAR/AIM

The chapters of 14CFR that relate to pilots are found in a book called the FAR/AIM.

FAR = Federal Aviation Regulations

AIM = Aeronautical Information Manual

Sections of the FAR:

Section 1.1

General Definitions

Section 1.2

Abbreviations and Symbols

Part 61

Deals with Certification of Pilots and Flight Instructors.

Contains the requirements that need to be met in order to obtain a certain license or certification.

Part 91

Deals with general operating and flight rules required of all pilots and aircraft.

Part 119

Deals with requirements for Commercial Operators.

Part 121

Deals with requirements for Commercial Operators in the Airline Space.

Part 135

Deals with requirements for Commercial Operators in the Charter Space.

Part 141

Deals with requirements for Flight Schools with FAA Approval.

Sections of the Part 61

Subpart A

General Requirements

This subpart covers everything from appropriate definitions and abbreviations to privileges, certificate durations, and knowledge and practical tests.

Subpart B 

Aircraft Ratings and Pilot Authorizations

Subpart C

Rules, regulations, and certifying Student Pilots.

Subpart D

Certifying Recreational Pilots.

Subpart E

Certifying Private Pilots

Subpart F

Certifying Commercial Pilots.

Subpart G 

Certifying Airline Transport Pilots.

Subpart H

Certifying Flight Instructors.

Sections of the Part 91

Subpart A

General including dropping objects, alcohol, and portable electronic devices.

Subpart B

Flight Rules including:

General

Visual Flight Rules

Instrument Flight Rules

Subpart C

Equipment, Instrument, and Certificate Requirements

Subpart D

Special Flight Operations

Subpart E

Maintenance and Preventative Maintenance

FAR Method of Revision

A black bar beside text in the FARs indicates revisions from the previous edition.

Sections of the Aeronautical Information Manual Air Navigation

Navigation aids

Area Navigation (RNAV)

Aeronautical Lighting and Airport Visual Aids

Airport lighting aids

Air navigation and obstuction lighting

Airport marking aids and signs

Airspace

General

Controlled airspace

Class G airspace

Special use airspace

Other airspace areas

Air Traffic Control

Services available to pilots

Radio communications phraseology and techniques

Airport Operations

ATC clearances and aircraft separation

Surveillance systems

RVSM

Gulf of Mexico

Air Traffic Procedures

Preflight

Departure procedures

En-route procedures

Arrival procedures

Pilot/controller responsibilities

National security and intercept procedures

Emergency Procedures

General

Emergency services available to pilots

Distress and urgency procedures

Two-way radio communication failure

Aircraft rescue and firefighting communications

Safety of Flight

Meteorology

Altimeter setting procedure

Wake turbulence

National parks and forests

Potential flight hazards

Safety, accident, and hazard reports

Medical Facts for Pilots

Fitness for flight

Aeronautical Charts and Related Publications

Types of charts available

Helicopter Operations

Helicopter IFR Operations

Special Operations

Pilot/Controller Glossary

NTSB Part 830 NTSB stands for National Transportation Safety Board

Part 830 deals with aircraft accidents and reporting requirements

Subpart A

General

Applicability and Definitions

Subpart B

Notification of Aircraft Accidents and Incidents

Subpart C

Preservation of Wreckage and Records

Subpart D

Reports and Statements to be Filed

Advisory Circulars (AC)

Additional information circulars published by the FAA outside of the AIM.

They include categories such as:

Weather

Pilot Endorsements

Carburetor Icing

Aircraft Procedures

Inoperative Equipment

Icing

A full list of published Advisory Circulars can be found at the following link:

https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/

Airmen Certification Standards (ACS)

ACS stands for Airmen Certification Standards

The ACS sets forth the standards a pilot must perform to in order to achieve a certain license or rating.

A link to the Private Pilot ACS can be found here:

https://www.faa.gov/training_testing/testing/acs/media/private_airplane_acs_6A.pdf

A link to the Commercial Pilot ACS can be found here:

https://www.faa.gov/training_testing/testing/acs/media/commercial_airplane_acs.pdf

A link to the Flight Instructor PTS can be found here:

https://www.faa.gov/training_testing/testing/test_standards/media/FAA-S-8081-6D.pdf

Sections of the ACS

The first notable section of the ACS is the revision history.

The table of contents and introductions.

The required tasks for the practical exam.

The ground knowledge

The preflight knowledge

Airport Ops

The flight maneuvers

Test procedures and tips

Practical test checklist

Additional rating task table

Contents of each ACS task:

Each ACS task will contain the contents seen depicted here:

The name of the task

FAA publication references

The objective of the task

The knowledge associated with the task

The skills associated with the task

The applicable risk management areas

Additional Rating Task Table:

Example:

A pilot, who currently holds a PPL AMEL Certificate, wants a PPL ASEL addition.

All the tasks listed under AMEL for each Area of Operation, are what will be required on the Practical Test.

It is important that flight students know how to use the ACS prior to their practical exam and that they are able to perform all maneuvers and ground knowledge to a minimum of the levels listed within.

The Pilot Operating Handbook (POH)

The POH contains all of the necessary information for a pilot to safely operate a particular aircraft.

The POH must be on-board the aircraft for every flight. See below FAR reference:

https://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?node=14:2.0.1.3.10#se14.2.91_19 Every POH is organized in similar format: Section 1 = General Section

Measurements, descriptive data, standard weights, terminology, etc.

Section 2 = Limitations

Airspeed limitations, powerplant limitations, weight limitations, fuel limitations, etc.

Section 3 = Emergency Procedures

Checklists to follow for varying emergency situations.

Section 4 = Normal Procedures

Checklists to follow for normal operating procedures.

Section 5 = Performance

Charts used for aircraft performance calculations.

Section 6 = Weight and Balance

Weight and balance procedures and graphs.

Section 7 = Aircraft Systems

Description of aircraft systems and their proper use.

Section 8 = Handling, Service, and Maintenance

Section 9 = Supplemental Data

Optional system descriptions and operating procedures.


Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge (PHAK) Chapters include: Chapter 1: Introduction to Flying 

Chapter 2: Aeronautical Decision-Making 

Chapter 3: Aircraft Construction 

Chapter 4: Principles of Flight 

Chapter 5: Aerodynamics of Flight 

Chapter 6: Flight Controls 

Chapter 7: Aircraft Systems 

Chapter 8: Flight Instruments 

Chapter 9: Flight Manuals and Other Documents 

Chapter 10: Weight and Balance 

Chapter 11: Aircraft Performance 

Chapter 12: Weather Theory 

Chapter 13: Aviation Weather Services 

Chapter 14: Airport Operations 

Chapter 15: Airspace 

Chapter 16: Navigation 

Chapter 17: Aeromedical Factors 


Airplane Flying Handbook (AFH) Chapters Include: Chapter 1: Introduction to Flight Training 

Chapter 2: Ground Operations 

Chapter 3: Basic Flight Maneuvers 

Chapter 4: Maintaining Aircraft Control: Upset Prevention and Recovery Training 

Chapter 5: Takeoffs and Departure Climbs 

Chapter 6: Ground Reference Maneuvers 

Chapter 7: Airport Traffic Patterns 

Chapter 8: Approaches and Landings 

Chapter 9: Performance Maneuvers 

Chapter 10: Night Operations 

Chapter 11: Transition to Complex Airplanes 

Chapter 12: Transition to Multiengine Airplanes 

Chapter 13: Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes 

Chapter 14: Transition to Turbopropeller-Powered Airplanes 

Chapter 15: Transition to Jet-Powered Airplanes 

Chapter 16: Transition to Light Sport Airplanes 

Chapter 17: Emergency Procedures 


Risk Management Handbook Chapters Include: Chapter 1: Defining Elements of Risk Management 

Chapter 2: Human Behavior

Chapter 3: Identifying Hazards and Mitigating Risk

Chapter 4: Assessing Risk

Chapter 5: Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM)

Chapter 6: Single-Pilot Resource Management (SRM)

Chapter 7: Automation 

Chapter 8: Risk Management Training 

Weight and Balance Handbook Chapters Include: Chapter 1: Weight and Balance Control 

Chapter 2: Weight and Balance Theory

Chapter 3: Weighing Aircraft and Determining Empty Weight Center of Gravity

Chapter 4: Light Sport Aircraft Weight and Balance Control

Chapter 5: Single Engine Aircraft Weight and Balance Computations

Chapter 6: Multi Engine Aircraft Weight and Balance Computations

Chapter 7: Center of Gravity Change after a Repair or Alteration 

Chapter 8: Weight and Balance Control - Helicopter

Chapter 9: Weight and Balance Control - Commuter Category and Large Aircraft

Chapter 10: Use of Computer for Weight and Balance Computations 

FAA Sources Used for this Lesson

FAR/AIM

NTSB 830

FAA Advisory Circulars

Airmen Certification Standards (ACS)

Pilot Operating Handbook (POH)

Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge (PHAK)

Airplane Flying Handbook (AFH)

Risk Management Handbook

Weight and Balance Handbook


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