CHAPTER TITLE: Energy Management: Mastering Altitude and Airspeed Control
Below is a list of the figures (diagrams, charts, and pictures) from the AFH Chapter 4. They are listed in the order they are found in the Airplane Flying Handbook.
FIGURE 4-1 A-F
Examples of typical energy transactions.
The energy balance equation.
The reservoir analogy illustrating the primary role of the throttle and elevator to manage the airplane’s energy state.
The front side and backside of the power required curve, the power available curve, and the relative excess power available (power available - power required) at different speeds.
The effect of increased load factor on total drag and power required at different airspeeds.
The altitude-speed “map” showing lines of constant energy height.
Energy map depicting specific excess power (PS) contours (shown in feet per minute) and energy trajectories for a hypothetical airplane.
The energy-control map helping to visualize the basic energy control rules.
Descending below the desired glideslope.
Departing from Runway 33, Aspen/Pitkin County Airport (KASE), elevation 7,820 feet.
An energy state matrix that translates the main altitude-speed deviations into energy errors relative to the desired energy state (5).
The control skills needed to correct total energy and energy distribution errors identified in Figure 4-11 with an additional column giving caution to the “very slow” condition where careful AOA management is needed in addition to energy management.
Energy error management.
The energy depletion scenario viewed in the power required and available curve. Compared with the power available curve depicted in Figure 4-4, note the lower power available curve at this high elevation (7,820 feet at the departure airport) and higher density altitude than standard during a hot afternoon.
The energy depletion scenario viewed in the energy map. Specific excess power (PS) contours are labeled in units of feet per minute.
The energy loss scenario recovery viewed in the energy map. Specific excess power (PS) contours are labeled in units of feet per minute.