Updated: Feb 10

Assessment and Critique Lesson by wifiCFI

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To determine the applicant exhibits instructional knowledge of assessments and critiques by describing:



General characteristics of effective assessments

Traditional assessments

Authentic assessments

Oral assessments

Characteristics of effective questions

Types of questions to avoid

Critique Instructors/student critique

Student-lead critique

Small group critique

Individual student critique by another student



Purpose of Assessments Why assess?

Both the instructor and the student need to know how well the student is progressing. 

A good assessment provides practical and specific feedback to students, including direction and guidance on how to raise their level of performance.

Characteristics of Effective Assessments

Effective assessments should be:

Objective - Focused on performance and not opinions or likes and dislikes.

Flexible - The instructor must evaluate the entire performance of a student in the context in which it was accomplished.

Acceptable - The student must accept and trust the instructor to accept and trust his assessment.

Comprehensive - Decide whether to cover a few points in detail or many points vaguely.

Constructive - An assessment is pointless unless the student benefits from it. However, do not give praise unnecessarily.

Organized - Create a pattern that is logical and makes sense to the student.

Specific - Give very specific details on what the student can do to improve his/her performance.

Traditional Assessment

Traditional assessment generally refers to written testing. 

These types of assessments must be completed within certain time frames and generally only have one correct answer per question.

Pro’s - Fast and simple to grade.

Con’s - They measure student performance against an empirical standard and offer little opportunity for a demonstration of thought processes.

Authentic Assessment A type of assessment where a student is asked to perform real world tasks. Pro’s: Authentic assessment lies at the heart of training in today’s aviation industry because it tests a student’s critical thinking abilities.

Encourages higher order thinking.

Helps teach the student how to assess their abilities and performance.

Oral Assessment The most common type of assessment. Oral questioning between the instructor and student. 

Pro’s: Reveals the effectiveness of the instructor’s teaching methods.

Checks for student retention.

Reviews previously presented material.

Identifies points that need more emphasis.

Promotes active student participation.

Effective Questions What makes a good question?

Apply to the subject of instruction.

Be brief and concise, but also clear and definite.

Be adapted to the ability and experience of the student.

Center on only one idea (limited to one of: who, what, when, where, how, why).

Present a challenge to the student.

Types of Questions to Avoid What makes a poor question? Puzzle question- not concise enough

Oversize question- not specific enough

Toss-up- either answer could be right

Bewilderment- not centered on a single idea

Trick question- there is nothing earned in tricking a student

Irrelevant question- does not pertain to the subject matter 

Instructor/Student Critique

Instructor leads a group discussion in an instructor/student critique of performance. 

This type of critique should be carefully directed as to not become a free-for-all.

Student Lead Critique

The instructor asks the student to lead the assessment. 

If students are wholly inexperienced then this method of critique will not be very effective.

Small Group Critique

The class will be divided into small groups with each group assigned a specific area to analyze. 

Then each group will present their findings to the class. 

Student Critique by Another Student

One student presents the entire critique on another student’s performance. 

This critique should also be carefully directed so one student does not end up confusing another student with inaccurate information.

Self Critique

A student critiques him or herself on their performance.

Written Critique

A written critique has 3 advantages:

The instructor can devote more time and thought into it.

Students can keep the written critique for future reference.

The student then has a permanent record of all the critiques and can see their past performance and progress.

FAA Sources Used in this Lesson

Aviation Instructor’s Handbook

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