Human Behavior Lesson by wifiCFI
Human Behavior Three out of four accidents result from improper human performance.
The human element is the most flexible, adaptable, and valuable part of the aviation system, but it is also the most vulnerable to influences that can adversely affect its performance.
In the scientific world, human behavior is seen as the product of factors that cause people to act in predictable ways.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) utilizes studies of human behavior in an attempt to reduce human error in aviation.
Historically, the term “pilot error” has been used to describe an accident in which an action or decision made by the pilot was the cause or a contributing factor that led to the accident.
This definition also includes the pilot’s failure to make a correct decision or take proper action.
Since poor decision-making by pilots (human error) has been identified as a major factor in many aviation accidents, human behavior research tries to determine an individual’s predisposition to taking risks and the level of an individual’s involvement in accidents.
The 5 traits of Accident Prone Pilots Disdain toward rules.
High correlation between accidents in their flying records and safety violations in their driving records.
Frequently falling into the personality category of “thrill and adventure seeking.”
Impulsive rather than methodical and disciplined in information gathering and in the speed and selection of actions taken .
Disregard for or underutilization of outside sources of information, including copilots, flight attendants, flight service personnel, flight instructors, and air traffic controllers.
The 5 Hazardous Attitudes
Anti-Authority – “Don’t tell me.”
Antidote – Follow the rules, they are usually right.
Impulsivity – “Do it quickly.”
Antidote – Not so fast. Think first.
Invulnerability – “It won’t happen to me.”
Antidote – It could happen to me.
Macho – “I can do it.”
Antidote – Taking chances is foolish.
Resignation – “What’s the use?”
Antidote – I’m not helpless. I can make a difference.”
Conclusion Studies of human behavior help isolate characteristics and behaviors that can lead to poor decision-making by a pilot.
FAA Sources Used in this Lesson
Risk Management Handbook - Chapter 2
Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge – Chapter 2