Updated: Apr 12, 2022
CHAPTER TITLE: Airport Operations
Below is a list of the figures (diagrams, charts, and pictures) from the PHAK Chapter 14. They are listed in the order they are found in the Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge.
Recommended communication procedures.
Preferred Entry-Crossing Midfield.
Alternate Midfield Entry.
Chart Supplement U.S. (formerly Airport/Facility Directory excerpt.
(A) Relocated runway threshold drawing. (B) Relocated threshold for Runway 36 at Joplin Regional Airport (JLN).
(A) Displaced runway threshold drawing. (B) Displaced threshold for Runway 17 at Albuquerque International Airport (ABQ).
Runway Safety Area.
Runway safety area boundary sign and marking located on Taxiway Kilo.
Runway holding position sign at takeoff end of Runway 14 with collocated Taxiway Alpha location sign.
Runway holding position sign at a location other than the takeoff end of Runway 18-36 with collocated Taxiway Alpha location sign.
(A) Taxiway Bravo location sign collocated with runway/runway intersection holding signs at Sioux Gateway Airport (SUX) (B) Airport diagram of Sioux Gateway Airport (SUX), Sioux City, Iowa. The area outlined in red is a designated “hot spot” (HS1).
Surface painted runway holding position signs for Runway 32R-14L along with the enhanced taxiway centerline marking.
Surface painted holding position marking along with enhanced taxiway centerline.
Runway holding position markings as seen when exiting the runway. When exiting the runway, no ATC clearance is required to cross.
Runway distance remaining sign indicating that there is 2,000 feet of runway remaining.
Two of three parallel runways.
Runway holding position sign and marking for LAHSO.
Taxiway Bravo direction sign with a collocated Taxiway Delta location sign. When the arrow on the direction sign indicates a turn, the sign is located prior to the intersection.
Surface painted taxiway direction signs.
Orientation of signs is from left to right in a clockwise manner. Left turn signs are on the left and right turn on the right. In this view, the pilot is on Taxiway Bravo.
(A) Enhanced taxiway centerline marking. (B) Enhanced taxiway centerline marking and runway holding position marking.
Destination sign to the fixed-base operator (FBO).
Runway destination sign with different taxi routes.
Instrument landing system (ILS) holding position sign and marking on Taxiway Golf.
Holding position sign and marking for instrument landing system (ILS) critical area boundary.
Holding position marking on a taxiway.
(A) Yellow “X” placed on surface of temporarily closed runways. (B) Lighted “X” placed on temporarily closed runways. (C) Lighted “X” at night showing a temporarily closed runway.
Airport rotating beacons.
Two-bar VASI system.
Precision approach path indicator for a typical 3° glide slope.
Tri-color visual approach slope indicator.
Pulsating visual approach slope indicator.
Radio controlled runway lighting.
Runway Entrance Lights (REL).
Takeoff Hold Lights (THL).
Wind direction indicators.
Traffic pattern operations—single runway.
Traffic pattern operation—parallel runways.
Light gun signals.
Vortex avoidance procedures.
Heads-up, eyes outside.
Confusing runway/runway intersection.
A sound practice is to write down taxi instructions from ATC.
Do NOT cross a runway holding position marking without ATC clearance. If the tower is closed or you are operating from a non-towered airport, check both directions for conflicting traffic before crossing the hold position marking.
Runway 13-31 holding position sign and marking located on Taxiway Charlie.
Example of taxi and “hold short” instructions from ATC to a pilot.
Communication between ATC and a pilot who is requesting taxi procedures.
Engineered material arresting system (EMAS) located at Yeager Airport, Charleston, West Virginia.
Diagram of an EMASMAX system.
There have been several incidents where the EMAS has successfully arrested the aircraft.
A Bombardier CRJ-200 regional jet overran the runway at Yeager Airport (KCRW) in Charleston, West Virginia.
EMAS information for Boston Logan International Airport located in the Chart Supplement U.S. (formerly Airport/ Facility Directory).
An airport diagram with EMAS information.