Updated: Apr 12, 2022
CHAPTER TITLE: Navigation
Below is a list of the figures (diagrams, charts, and pictures) from the PHAK Chapter 16. They are listed in the order they are found in the Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge.
Sectional chart and legend.
VFR Terminal Area Chart and legend.
World aeronautical chart.
Meridians and parallels—the basis of measuring time, distance, and direction.
Time zones in the conterminous United States.
Courses are determined by reference to meridians on aeronautical charts.
Magnetic meridians are in red while the lines of longitude and latitude are in blue. From these lines of variation (magnetic meridians), one can determine the effect of local magnetic variations on a magnetic compass.
Note the agonic line where magnetic variation is zero.
Effect of variation on the compass.
Magnetized portions of the airplane cause the compass to deviate from its normal indications.
Compass deviation card.
Motion of the air affects the speed with which aircraft move over the Earth’s surface. Airspeed, the rate at which an aircraft moves through the air, is not affected by air motion.
Aircraft flight path resulting from its airspeed and direction and the wind speed and direction.
Effects of wind drift on maintaining desired course.
Relationship between true, magnetic, and compass headings for a particular instance.
Establishing a wind correction angle that counteracts wind drift and maintains the desired course.
A plotter (A), the computational and wind side of a mechanical flight computer (E6B) (B), and an electronic flight computer (C).
Principle of the wind triangle.
The wind triangle as is drawn in navigation practice.
Steps in drawing the wind triangle.
Finding true heading by the wind correction angle.
Finding true heading by direct measurement.
Chart Supplement U.S. (formerly Airport/Facility Directory).
Sectional chart excerpt.
Pilot’s planning sheet and visual flight log.
Domestic flight plan form.
VHF transmissions follow a line-of-sight course.
Horizontal situation indicator.
Radio magnetic indicator.
Tracking a radial in a crosswind.
Time-distance check example.
Time-distance check formula using a CDI.
Flying an RNAV course.
ADF with fixed azimuth and magnetic compass.