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PHAK Chapter 3

Updated: Apr 12, 2022

CHAPTER TITLE: Aircraft Construction


Below is a list of the figures (diagrams, charts, and pictures) from the PHAK Chapter 3. They are listed in the order they are found in the Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge.


AUDIO RECORDING


FIGURE 3-1

The four forces.


FIGURE 3-2

Illustrates the pitch, roll, and yaw motion of the aircraft along the lateral, longitudinal, and vertical axes, respectively.


FIGURE 3-3

Center of gravity (CG).


FIGURE 3-4

Airplane components.


FIGURE 3-5

Truss-type fuselage structure


FIGURE 3-6

Monoplane (left) and biplane (right).


FIGURE 3-7

Wing components.


FIGURE 3-8

Types of flaps.


FIGURE 3-9

Weight-shift control aircraft use the shifting of weight for control.


FIGURE 3-10

Empennage components.


FIGURE 3-11

Stabilator components.


FIGURE 3-12

Types of landing gear: floats (top), skis (middle), and wheels (bottom).


FIGURE 3-13

Engine compartment.


FIGURE 3-14

Semimonocoque and monocoque fuselage design.


FIGURE 3-15

Composite aircraft.


FIGURE 3-16

Impact energy affects the visibility, as well as the severity, of damage in composite structures. High and medium energy impacts, while severe, are easy to detect. Low energy impacts can easily cause hidden damage.


FIGURE 3-17

Composite materials in aircraft, such as Columbia 350 (top), Boeing 787 (middle), and a Coast Guard HH-65 (bottom).


FIGURE 3-18

Analog display (top) and digital display (bottom) from a Cessna 172.


FIGURE 3-19

Performance instruments.


FIGURE 3-20

Control instruments.


FIGURE 3-21

A comparison of navigation information as depicted on both analog and digital displays.


FIGURE 3-22

Analog and digital indications for glideslope interception.


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