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PHAK Chapter 7

Updated: Apr 12, 2022

CHAPTER TITLE: Aircraft Systems


Below is a list of the figures (diagrams, charts, and pictures) from the PHAK Chapter 7. They are listed in the order they are found in the Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge.


AUDIO RECORDING


FIGURE 7-1

Radial engine.


FIGURE 7-2

Horizontally opposed engine.


FIGURE 7-3

Two-stroke compression ignition.


FIGURE 7-4

Main components of a spark ignition reciprocating engine.


FIGURE 7-5

The arrows in this illustration indicate the direction of motion of the crankshaft and piston during the four-stroke cycle.


FIGURE 7-6

Changes in propeller blade angle from hub to tip.


FIGURE 7-7

Relationship of travel distance and speed of various portions of propeller blade.


FIGURE 7-8

Engine rpm is indicated on the tachometer.


FIGURE 7-9

Engine power output is indicated on the manifold pressure gauge.


FIGURE 7-10

Float-type carburetor.


FIGURE 7-11

The formation of carburetor ice may reduce or block fuel-air flow to the engine.


FIGURE 7-12

Although carburetor ice is most likely to form when the temperature and humidity are in ranges indicated by this chart, carburetor icing is possible under conditions not depicted.


FIGURE 7-13

Fuel injection system.


FIGURE 7-14

Power output of normally aspirated engine compared to a single-stage, two-speed supercharged engine.


FIGURE 7-15

Turbocharger components.


FIGURE 7-16

Ignition system components.


FIGURE 7-17

Wet-sump oil system.


FIGURE 7-18

Always check the engine oil level during the preflight inspection.


FIGURE 7-19

Outside air aids in cooling the engine.


FIGURE 7-20

Typical starting circuit.


FIGURE 7-21

Normal combustion and explosive combustion.


FIGURE 7-22

Eclipse 500 VLJ.


FIGURE 7-23

Turbojet engine.


FIGURE 7-24

Turboprop engine.


FIGURE 7-25

Turbofan engine.


FIGURE 7-26

Turboshaft engine.


FIGURE 7-27

Dual-spool axial-flow compressor.


FIGURE 7-28

Comparison of normal and distorted airflow into the compressor section.


FIGURE 7-29

Engine net thrust versus aircraft speed and drag. Points A through F are explained in the text below.


FIGURE 7-30

Gravity-feed and fuel-pump systems.


FIGURE 7-31

Fuel selector valve.


FIGURE 7-32

Aviation fuel color-coding system.


FIGURE 7-33

On this master switch, the left half is for the alternator and the right half is for the battery.


FIGURE 7-34

Electrical system schematic.


FIGURE 7-35

Ammeter and loadmeter.


FIGURE 7-36

Basic hydraulic system.


FIGURE 7-37

The landing gear supports the airplane during the takeoff run, landing, taxiing, and when parked.


FIGURE 7-38

Tailwheel landing gear.


FIGURE 7-39

Fixed (left) and retractable (right) gear airplanes.


FIGURE 7-40

High performance airplane pressurization system.


FIGURE 7-41

Standard atmospheric pressure chart.


FIGURE 7-42

Cabin pressurization instruments.


FIGURE 7-43

Oxygen system regulator.


FIGURE 7-44

Cannula with green flow detector.


FIGURE 7-45

Continuous flow mask and rebreather bag.


FIGURE 7-46

EDS-011 portable pulse-demand oxygen system.


FIGURE 7-47

Onyx pulse oximeter.


FIGURE 7-48

Deicing boots on the leading edge of the wing.


FIGURE 7-49

TKS weeping wing anti-ice/deicing system.


FIGURE 7-50

Prop ammeter and anti-ice boots.


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