Updated: Dec 8, 2020

Techniques of Flight Instruction Lesson by wifiCFI

Overview Obstacles in learning during flight instruction

Demonstration-performance training delivery

Positive exchange of controls

Sterile cockpit

Use of distractions

Integrated flight instruction

Assessment of piloting ability

Aeronautical decision making

Obstacles in Learning Feeling of unfair treatment - Make sure student’s efforts are appreciated and evaluated

Impatience to proceed to more interesting operations - Student’s getting bored with their portion of training and wanting to move forward

Worry or lack of interest - Student’s may become worried about tests, checkrides, or financial situations. They will have a difficult time learning if they are facing these worries.

Physical discomfort or illness - Do not force a student to fly or continue flying when they are either ill or uncomfortable.

Apathy due to inadequate instruction - Make sure all of the student’s get adequate instruction and attention

Anxiety - Don’t create anxiety for students unnecessarily.

Demonstration-Performance Method

Explanation Phase- explain the maneuver to be conducted.

Demonstration Phase- demonstrate the maneuver to the student.

Student Performance- instructor evaluates the student’s performance.

Evaluation Phase- the maneuver is evaluated by both the student and instructor.

Instructor tells and instructor does

Student tells and instructor does

Student tells and student does

Positive Exchange of the Flight Controls

“You have the controls”

“I have the controls”

“You have the controls”

Sterile Cockpit Rule

Conversation is limited to those things necessary for flight during the critical phases of flight such as:  Taxi, Takeoff, Approach, and Landing.

Use of Distractions

Use of distractions is appropriate and even effective if they are done in safety and with good timing. 

Do not intentionally distract students on takeoff, approach, or landing.

Integrated Flight Instruction

Flight instruction by outside visual reference and by reference to the cockpit instruments.

Assessment of Piloting Ability

Assessment is an essential component of the teaching process and determines how, what, and how well a student is learning.

Aeronautical Decision Making

ADM is a systematic approach to the mental process used by aircraft pilots to consistently determine the best course of action in response to a given set of circumstances.

Teaching pilots to make sound decisions is the key to preventing accidents. 

Traditional pilot instruction has emphasized flying skills, knowledge of the aircraft, and familiarity with regulations. 

ADM training focuses on the decision-making process and the factors that affect a pilot’s ability to make effective choices.

FAA Sources Used in this Lesson

Aviation Instructor’s Handbook

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