Visual Scanning and Collision Avoidance - QT

Lesson Quicktakes cover the items that should be memorized from each of the wifiCFI Lessons. They do not cover all of the lesson details in-depth.

RIGHT OF WAY RULES (order of priority):

Aircraft in Distress




Aircraft towing another Aircraft

Airplane and Helicopter

RIGHT OF WAY RULES (converging aircraft):

Aircraft Converging = Aircraft to the RIGHT has the Right of Way.

Aircraft Approaching Head On = Each Aircraft alters course to the RIGHT.

Overtaking Another Aircraft = Overtake to the RIGHT. Aircraft being overtaken have Right of Way.

Approaching to Land = Aircraft at the LOWER Altitude has Right of Way.


The Leans = Feeling as if you are in a turn.

Coriolis Illusion = Rapid head movement in a turn.

Graveyard Spiral = Extended condition of the Leans.

Somatogravic Illusion = Acceleration/Deceleration feels like climbing or descending.

Inversion Illusion = Rapid level off from steep climb feels like tumbling backward.

Elevator Illusion = Updrafts/Downdrafts feel like nose high/nose low attitudes.


False Horizon = Lights obscure the horizon.

Autokinesis = Stationary lights appear moving.

Runway Width = Wide runways make pilots feel low. Narrow runways make pilots feel high.

Runway Slope = Upsloping runways make pilots feel high. Downsloping runways make pilots feel low.

Featureless Terrain = Makes pilots feel high.

Haze = Makes pilots feel high.

Fog = Can create the illusion of pitching up.



High Wing Aircraft = Blind spots above pilot.

Low Wing Aircraft = Blind spots below pilot.

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