Weather Reports - QT

Lesson Quicktakes cover the items that should be memorized from each of the wifiCFI Lessons. They do not cover all of the lesson details in-depth.


WEATHER BRIEFINGS:

Can be obtained by calling 1-800-WX-BRIEF.


Standard Briefing Contents:

Adverse Conditions.

VFR Flight Recommendation.

Synopsis.

Current Conditions.

En-Route Forecast.

Destination Forecast.

Forecast Winds and Temperatures Aloft.

NOTAMs.

A standard briefing should always be obtained prior to a cross country flight.


Abbreviated Briefing:

Shortened version of the Standard Briefing.

Should be requested when original departure time has been delayed.


Outlook Briefing:

This is a forecast briefing.

Should be obtained when planned departure time is 6 hours or more in the future.


HIWAS

Hazardous In-Flight Weather Advisory Service

Can be listened to over navaids with the appropriate symbol.


METAR

Aviation Routine Weather Report

Current surface weather observations.


KOGD = Station Identifier.

091753Z = Time and Date of Report.

VRB05KT = Wind Direction and Velocity.

10SM = Reported Visibility.

CLR = Sky Condition.

Broken, Overcast, and Vertical Visibility Count as “Ceilings.”

09/M02 = Temperature/Dewpoint in Celsius.

RMK = Remarks.

A02 = Automated Station Type 2.

SLP257 = Sea Level Pressure in Millibars.

T00941022 = Temperature and Dewpoint to the 10th of a Degree.


PIREPs

Pilot Reports.

Weather conditions reported by pilots in flight.

UA = Routine Report.

UUA = Urgent Report.

TM = Time.

FL = Flight Level.

TP = Type of Aircraft.

SK = Cloud Coverage (Sky Condition).

WX = Weather.

TA = Air Temperature in Celsius.

WV = Wind direction and velocity.

TB = Turbulence

IC = Icing.

RM = Remarks.


TAF

Terminal Aerodrome Forecast.

Forecasted weather for a 5 mile radius around an airport.

Each TAF is valid for 24 or 30 hours.

Issued 4 times per day at: 0000Z, 0600Z, 1200Z, 1800Z.


AIRMETS

Significant weather reports pertinent to smaller aircraft.


Types of Airmets:

Sierra = IFR Conditions and Mountain Obscuration.

Tango = Turbulence.

Zulu = Icing.


SIGMETS

Significant weather reports pertinent to all aircraft.


CONVECTIVE SIGMETS

SIGMETS in correlation with a thunderstorm.


WIND SYMBOLS:


WIND AND TEMPERATURES ALOFT:


SURFACE ANALYSIS CHARTS:


LOW LEVEL PROGNOSTIC CHARTS:

Forecasted weather covering the 48 states from the surface to 24,000 feet.

Issued 4 times daily at: 0000Z, 0600Z, 1200Z, 1800Z.


RADAR SUMMARY CHARTS:

Show precipitation. NOT cloud coverage.


SATELLITE IMAGERY CHARTS:

Show cloud coverage. NOT precipitation.

where aviation comes to study

worldwide site members: 27,532