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Certificates and Documents Lessons

Keywords: recreational pilot, eligibility requirements, aeronautical knowledge areas, flight training, aeronautical experience required, privileges and limitations, recency requirements, private pilot, commercial pilot, medical certificates, first class medical, second class medical, third class medical.

Runway Incursion Avoidance Lessons

Keywords: runway incursion, taxiing, land and hold short operations, lahso, cockpit activities, airport signs, airport markings, hold short lines, landing and rollout, controlled airports, uncontrolled airports, aircraft exterior lighting, night operations.

Visual Scanning and Collision Avoidance Lessons

Keywords: right of way rules, spatial disorientation, vestibular illusions, the leans, coriolis illusion, graveyard spiral, somatogravic illusion, inversion illusion, elevator illusion, visual illusions, false horizon, autokinesis, runway width illusion, runway slope illusion, featureless terrain, water refraction, haze, fog, scanning technique, aircraft blind spots, clearing procedures, pilot deviations, land and hold short operations, lahso.

14 CFR and Publications Lessons

Keywords: 14 CFR, federal aviation regulations, far, aeronautical information manual, aim, ntsb part 830, advisory circulars, airmen certification standards, acs, pilot operating handbook, poh, pilots handbook of aeronautical knowledge, phak, airplane flying handbook, afh, risk management handbook, weight and balance handbook.

Aeromedical Factors Lessons

Keywords: medical certificates, first class medical, second class medical, third class medical, hypoxia, hypoxic hypoxia, hypemic hypoxia, stagnant hypoxia, histotoxic hypoxia, hypoxia symptoms, hypoxia corrective actions, hyperventilation, middle ear and sinus congestion, spatial disorientation, vestibular illusions, the leans, coriolis illusion, graveyard spiral, somatogravic illusion, inversion illusion, elevator illusion, visual illusions, false horizon illusion, autokinesis, runway width illusion, runway slope illusion, featureless terrain, water refraction, haze, fog, motion sickness, carbon monoxide poisoning, stress, alcohol, fatigue, drugs, decompression sickness, dcs, scuba diving, imsafe checklist.

Aircraft Systems Lessons

Keywords: powerplant, reciprocating engines, spark ignition, compression ignition, cylinder arrangements, four stroke cycle, propeller, propeller twist, fixed pitch propeller, climb prop, cruise prop, adjustable pitch propeller, constant speed propeller, manifold pressure gauge, induction, induction icing, carburetor, carburetor icing, carburetor heat, fuel injection, ignition, magnetos, oil, wet sump system, dry sump system, engine cooling, baffling, cowl flaps, combustion system, detonation, preignition, fuel system, gravity feed, fuel pump, fuel primers, fuel tanks, fuel gauges, fuel selectors, strainers, sumps, drains, fuel grades, heating systems, fuel fired heaters, exhaust heating, combustion heater, electrical, generators, alternators, bus bars, fuses, circuit breakers, ammeter, loadmeter, hydraulics, landing gear, tricycle type, tailwheel, anti-ice, deice, deice boots, heated wing, weeping wing, propeller anti-ice.

Airplane Flight Controls Lessons

Keywords: primary flight controls, ailerons, differential ailerons, frise-type ailerons, coupled ailerons and rudder, flaperons, elevator, elevator t-tail, stabilator, canard, rudder, v-tail, secondary flight controls, wing flaps, plain flaps, split flaps, slotted flaps, fowler flaps, leading edge devices, fixed, movable, leading edge flaps, cuffs, spoilers, trim systems, trim tabs, balance tabs, servo tabs, anti-servo tabs, ground adjustable tabs, adjustable stabilizer, auto pilot.

Weather Theory Lessons

Keywords: atmosphere, troposphere, tropopause, circulation patterns, atmospheric pressure, coriolis force, standard temperature and pressure, wind and currents, high pressure system, low pressure system, convective currents, windshear, microbursts, atmospheric stability, adiabatic process, inversion, relative humidity, determining cloud bases, fog, radiation fog, advection fog, upslope fog, steam fog, ice fog, clouds, low clouds, middle clouds, high clouds, clouds with vertical development, air masses, fronts, warm front, cold front, stationary front, occluded front, thunderstorms, cumulus stage, mature stage, dissipating stage, squall lines, turbulence, ice, icing, clear ice, rime ice, mixed ice, hail, lightning.

Weather Reports Lessons

Keywords: flight service station, service outlets, standard briefing, abbreviated briefing, outlook briefing, hazardous in-flight weather advisory service, HIWAS, METAR, PIREP, terminal aerodrome forecast, TAF, AIRMET, SIGMET, convective SIGMET, winds and temperatures aloft, surface analysis chart, low  level prognostic chart, turbulence chart, icing chart, radar summary chart, satellite chart.

Airplane Weight and Balance Lessons

Keywords: airplane flight manual, afm, arm, ballast, basic empty weight, center of gravity, cg, center of lift, cg arm, cg limits, cg limit envelope, datum, empty weight, load factor, maximum zero fuel weight, moment, pilot operating handbook, poh, ramp weight, station, unusable fuel, usable fuel, useful load, zero fuel weight, balance control, forward cg, aft cg, weight shift formula, weight and balance formula.

Performance and Limitations Lessons

Keywords: altitude, indicated altitude, true altitude, absolute altitude, pressure altitude, density altitude, airspeed, indicated airspeed, calibrated airspeed, true airspeed, groundspeed, aircraft v-speeds, performance charts, interpolation, extrapolation, airspeed calibration chart, stall speed chart, takeoff distance chart, landing distance chart, rate of climb chart, time, fuel, distance to climb chart, temperature conversion chart, cruise performance chart, range profile chart, endurance profile chart, crosswind component chart.

National Airspace System Lessons

Keywords: controlled airspace, class a, class b, class c, class d, class e, class g, special vfr, speed limits, special use airspace, prohibited areas, restricted areas, warning areas, military operating areas, moa, alert areas, controlled firing areas, other airspace areas, local airport advisory, laa, military training routes, mtr, temporary flight restrictions, tfr, parachute jump operations, published vfr routes, terminal radar service areas, trsa, national security areas, nsa, air defense identification zones, adiz, wildlife, wilderness areas, vfr weather minimums, ifr.

Navigation Aids: VOR Lessons

Keywords: very high frequency omnidirectional range, vor symbols, vor basics, vor information box, service volumes, inner workings, vor cockpit instruments, vor/obs, cdi needle, course deflection indicator, to/from indicator, cone of confusion, reverse sensing, time and distance from the station, vor trick, vor checks, vot, ground check, airborne check, dual check.

Navigation Aids: DME Lessons

Keywords: distance measuring equipment, dme, dme symbols, dme basics, slant range distance, gps distance, straight line distance.

Navigation Aids: GPS Lessons

Keywords: global positioning system, gps, numbers, how it works, receiver autonomous integrity monitoring, raim, fault detection and exclusion, fde, gps sensitivity modes, enroute sensitivity, terminal sensitivity, approach sensitivity, gps errors, wide area augmentation system, waas, local area augmentation system, laas.

VFR Flight Planning Lessons

Keywords: visual flight rules, vfr flight planning, pilotage, dead reckoning, navigation log, nav log, creating the flight plan, checkpoints, fixes, route, vor, course headings, vfr cruising altitudes, winds and temperatures aloft, cruise performance chart, true airspeed, fuel burn, wind correction angles, true course, e6b, groundspeed, true heading, magnetic variation, magnetic deviation, magnetic heading, compass heading, compass deviation card, time and distance calculations, estimated time enroute, ete, estimated time of arrival, eta, vfr fuel requirements, usable fuel, lost procedures.

Night Operations Lessons

Keywords: night vision, anatomy of the human eye, cones, rods, night blind spot, night adaptation, night illusions, false horizon, autokinesis, black hole approach, pilot equipment, flashlight, aircraft exterior lighting, aircraft lights, airport beacon lights, night preflight considerations, night cross country flight, night operations, engine start, taxi, run up, takeoff and climb, orientation in flight, approach and landing, entering the traffic pattern, base leg, visual approach slope indicator, vasi, precision approach path indicator, papi, final approach, landing, night emergencies.

High Altitude Operations Lessons

Keywords: training required, oxygen use requirement, physiological hazards, hypoxia, hypoxic hypoxia, hypemic hypoxia, stagnant hypoxia, histotoxic hypoxia, hypoxia symptoms, hypoxia corrective actions, decompression sickness, dcs, scuba diving, other physiological hazards, pressurization characteristics, turbochargers, pressure control, outflow valves, pressure differential, supplemental oxygen systems, continuous flow system, diluter and pressure demand systems, quick donning masks, aviator's breathing oxygen, aircraft decompression, rapid decompression, explosive decompression, times of useful consciousness.

Principles of Flight Lessons

Keywords: aerodynamics, four forces of flight, thrust, maintaining straight and level flight, basic propeller principles, horizontal lift principle, fixed pitch propellers, constant speed propellers, propeller twist, left turning tendencies, p-factor, torque, gyroscopic precession, spiraling slipstream, lift, bernoulli principle, bernoulli's, downwash principle, angle of attack, critical angle of attack, stalls, stall recovery, drag, parasite drag, form drag, interference drag, skin friction drag, induced drag, wingtip vortices, wake turbulence, lift/drag ratio, weight, other aerodynamic factors, ground effect, airplane axes, aircraft stability, static stability, positive static stability, negative static stability, neutral static stability, dynamic stability, positive dynamic stability, negative dynamic stability, neutral dynamic stability, forces in turns, slipping turns, skidding turns, coordination, coordinated turns, adverse yaw, load factor, vg diagram, maneuvering speed, va.

Airworthiness Requirements Lessons

Keywords: aircraft documents, arrow, external data plate, airworthiness certificate, registration certificate, radio station license, operating handbook, weight and balance, compass deviation card, aircraft inspections, av1ates, aviates, annual inspection, vor check, 100 hour inspection, altimeter inspection, transponder inspection, transponder requirements, squawk codes, elt functional and battery check, static/encoder inspection, airworthiness directives, ad, form 337, required vfr day equipment, atomatoflames, airspeed indicator, tachometer, oil pressure gauge, manifold pressure gauge, altimeter, temperature gauge, oil temperature gauge, fuel quantity indicator, landing gear position indicator, anti collision lights, magnetic compass, emergency locator transmitter, elt, safety belts, required vfr night equipment, flaps, fuses, circuit breakers, landing light, anti collision lights, position indicator lights, source of electricity, inoperative equipment, deactivation, inoperative, kinds of operations list, letter of authorization, loa, master minimum equipment list, mmel, minimum equipment list, mel, supplemental type certificate, stc, type certificate data sheet, tcds, inoperative equipment flow, special flight permit.

CFI Privileges and Limitations Lessons

Keywords: flight instructor records, flight instructor privileges, flight instructor limitations, limitations on hours, limitations on endorsements, limitations on type ratings, limitations for multi engine airplanes, teach initial cfi applicants, flight instructor renewals, flight instructor reinstatement.

Instrument Recency and Currency Lessons

Keywords: logging instrument time, act as pic in ifr conditions, pilot in command, instrument flight rules, imc, instrument meteorological conditions, recency requirements, 666, approaches, holds, grace period, instrument proficiency check, ipc.

Instrument Preflight Procedures Lessons

Keywords: instrument preflight required actions, weather, known atc delays, fuel requirements, alternate airports, runway lengths, takeoff and landing distances, notams, filing an ifr flight plan, instrument flight rules, obtaining the instrument clearance, controlled airports, uncontrolled airports.

Instrument Airworthiness Requirements Lessons

Keywords: aircraft documents, arrow, external data plate, airworthiness certificate, registration certificate, radio station license, operating handbook, weight and balance, compass deviation card, aircraft inspections, av1ates, aviates, annual inspection, vor check, 100 hour inspection, altimeter inspection, transponder inspection, transponder requirements, squawk codes, elt functional and battery check, static/encoder inspection, airworthiness directives, ad, form 337, required vfr day equipment, atomatoflames, airspeed indicator, tachometer, oil pressure gauge, manifold pressure gauge, altimeter, temperature gauge, oil temperature gauge, fuel quantity indicator, landing gear position indicator, anti collision lights, magnetic compass, emergency locator transmitter, elt, safety belts, required vfr night equipment, flaps, fuses, circuit breakers, landing light, anti collision lights, position indicator lights, source of electricity, inoperative equipment, deactivation, inoperative, kinds of operations list, letter of authorization, loa, master minimum equipment list, mmel, minimum equipment list, mel, supplemental type certificate, stc, type certificate data sheet, tcds, inoperative equipment flow, special flight permit, required ifr equipment, generator, radios, altimeter (pressure sensitive), ball, turn coordinator, clock, attitude indicator, rate of turn indicator, directional gyro, heading indicator, dme, distance measuring equipment.

Magnetic Compass Lesson

Keywords: compass errors, variation, deviation, magnetic dip, oscillation, northerly turning errors, undershoot north overshoot south, unos, acceleration errors, accelerate north decelerate south, ands, compass turns, timed turns.

Pitot-Static System Lesson

Keywords: airspeed indicator, altimeter, vertical speed indicator, vsi, clogs, clogged pitot tube, clogged static port, pitot heat, alternate static source.

Vacuum System Lesson

Keywords: vacuum driven instruments, attitude indicator, heading indicator, schematic, electrically driven instruments, turn coordinator, gyroscope, gyroscopic principles, rigidity in space, precession, tumbling, errors, error.

Departure Procedures Lesson

Keywords: instrument departures, obstacle departure procedure, odp, odp charts, departure brief, communication frequencies, navigation frequencies, takeoff obstacles, takeoff minimums, feet per nautical mile, fpnm, feet per minute, fpm, conversion, climb in visual conditions, departure route description, standard instrument departure, sid, textual description, graphical depiction, lost communication procedures, lost comms.

Alternate Airports Lesson

Keywords: alternate airports, mandatory requirements, 1, 2, 3 rule, filing an alternate airport, standard alternate minimums, non standard alternate minimums, fuel requirements, destination airport, weather minimums, eta, estimated time of arrival, 1 hour before, 1 hour after, approach plate, instrument approach procedures chart, 45 minutes, fuel reserve.

En-Route Procedures Lesson

Keywords: ifr, instrument flight rules, en-route chart symbology, low en-route chart, instrument en-route altitudes, mea, minimum en-route altitude, moca, minimum obstacle clearance altitude, maa, maximum authorized altitude, mra, minimum reception altitude, mca, minimum crossing altitude, oroca, off route obstacle clearance altitude, msa, minimum safe altitude, victor airways, waypoints, fly by, fly over, changeover points, cruise clearances, vfr on top procedures, visual flight rules, reporting points, radio procedures, mathcalls, missed approach, altitude changes, true airspeed change, holds, holding, holding fix, assigned altitude, lost communications, lost comms, lost navigation equipment, nav aids, safety of flight, clearance limit, arrival, final approach fix, outer marker, estimated time of arrival, eta, iptanes, id, tail number, position, time, next fix, supplemental information.

Lost Communications Lesson

Keywords: selecting the route, vfr conditions, visual flight rules, ifr conditions, instrument flight rules, avef, assigned, vectored, expected, filed, selecting the altitude, mea, minimum enroute altitude, expected, assigned, arrival at clearance limit, approach begins, efc time, expect further clearance, approach does not begin, hold, holding, holds.

Instrument Approach Types Lesson

Keywords: precision approaches, ils, instrument landing system, localizer, glideslope, marker beacons, om, outer marker, mm, middle marker, im, inner marker, als, approach light system, parallel ils approaches, dependent parallel ils approaches, simultaneous ils approaches, simultaneous close independent parallel ils approaches, lpv, lateral precision with vertical guidance, lnav/vnav, lateral navigation, vertical navigation, non precision approaches, localizer front course approach, localizer back course approach, lda, localizer type directional aid, sdf, simplified directional facility, vor approach, rnav approach, very high frequency omnidirectional range, random navigation, other approaches, par approach, precision approach radar, asr approach, airport surveillance radar, no gyro approach, visual approach, contact approach.

Instrument Approach Procedures Lesson

Keywords: instrument approach plate, briefing section, notes, communications, plan view section, msa, minimum sector altitude, profile view section, vdp, visual descent point, minimums section, aircraft approach categories, minimum altitudes, minimum visibilities, circling approaches, descending below da or mda, decision altitude, minimum descent altitude, runway section layout, missed approach instruction, waypoints, localizer, approach course, glideslope intercept altitude, glideslope angle, tch, threshold crossing height, visual glide slope indicator, vgsi, hat, height above touchdown, category a, category b, category c, category d, agl, above ground level, msl, mean sea level, flight visibility, threshold, threshold markings, threshold lights, reil, runway end identifier lights, touchdown zone, touchdown zone markings, touchdown zone lights, runway, runway markings, runway lights, als, approach light system, pcl, pilot controlled lighting, tdze, touchdown zone elevation, slope grades, declared distances.

Determining Critical Engine Lesson

Keywords: v-speeds, vxse, best angle of climb on a single engine, vyse, best rate of climb on a single engine, vsse, safe single engine speed, vmc, minimum controllable airspeed, vmc definition, critical engine, critical engine definition, conventional propellers, counter rotating propellers, past, p-factor, accelerated slipstream, spiraling slipstream, torque.

Determining Vmc Lesson

Keywords: v-speeds, vxse, best angle of climb on a single engine, vyse, best rate of climb on a single engine, vsse, safe single engine speed, vmc, minimum controllable airspeed, vmc definition, critical engine, critical engine definition, smacfum, standard day at sea level, max power on operating engine, aft legal cg, critical engine inoperative and propeller windmilling, flaprs and trim set to takeoff position, gear up, up to 5 degrees of bank into the operating engine, most unfavorable weight.

Other Multi Engine Factors

Keywords: v-speeds, vxse, best angle of climb on a single engine, vyse, best rate of climb on a single engine, vsse, safe single engine speed, vmc, minimum controllable airspeed, ceilings, absolute ceiling, service ceiling, single engine ceiling, single engine service ceiling, best rate of climb on a sigle engine, least rate of descent, zero sideslip, power loss, performance loss.

Multi Engine Performance Charts Lesson

Keywords: accelerate and stop distance, accelerate and stop distance definition, performance chart example, climb performance, one engine operating, one engine inoperative, oei, performance chart example.

Normal Takeoff and Climb Lessons

Keywords: normal takeoff, climb, rejected takeoff, crosswind, vx, vy, maximum demonstrated crosswind component, windshear, talwind, headwind, wake turbulence, runway, takeoff roll, liftoff, best climb speed, best rate of climb, best angle of climb, takeoff power, run up, flaps, poh, pilot operating handbook, wind correction, vr, rotate speed, rotation, after takeoff checklist, acs, airmen certification standards, common errors.

Go Arounds Lessons

Keywords: go arounds, rejected landing, stabilized approach, wind correction techniques, power, attitude, altitude, configuration, airspeed, climb, vx, best angle of climb, vy, best rate of climb, flare, touchdown, roundout, unstabilized approach, cram, climb, clean, cool, call, 5 c's, acs, airmen certification standards, common errors.

Power On Stalls Lessons

Keywords: power on stall, stalls, aerodynamic stall, stall indications, stall recovery, load factor, center of gravity, cg, attitude, yaw, impending stall, full stall, aoa, angle of attack, critical aoa, critical angle of attack, auto pilot, pitch nose down, trim, wings level, thrust, power, speedbrakes, spoilers, flightpath, speed, airspeed, clearing turns, set up, outside visual reference, mixture, prop, propeller, vx, vy, best angle of climb, best rate of climb, acs, airmen certification standards, common errors.

Power Off Stalls Lessons

Keywords: power off stalls, stalls, aerodynamic stall, stall indications, stall recovery, load factor, center of gravity, cg, attitude, altitude, yaw, impending stall, full stall, aoa, angle of attack, critical aoa, critical angle of attack, auto pilot, pitch nose down, trim, wings level, thrust, power, speedbrakes, spoilers, flightpath, speed, airspeed, clearing turns, set up, outside visual reference, mixture, prop, propeller, vx, vy, best angle of climb, best rate of climb, acs, airmen certification standards, common errors.

Ground Reference Maneuvers Lessons

Keywords: wind, ground track, bank angle, groundspeed, rate of turn, radius of turn, traffic pattern, s-turns, turns around a point, rectangular course, ground reference, crab angle, wind correction, drift, constant radius turn, downwind, crosswind, base, upwind, acs standards, airmen certification standards, common errors, clearing turns, set up, ground reference point, throttle, power, speed, airspeed, prop, propeller.

Steep Turns Lessons

Keywords: aerodynamics, coordinated flight, uncoordinated flight, overbanking tendency, maneuvering speed, va, accelerated stalls, rate and radius of turn, bank angle, stall, altitude control, load factor, horizontal component of lift, vertical component of lift, altitude, airspeed, heading, power, trim, throttle, clearing turns, mixture, prop, propeller, outside visual reference, common errors, acs, airmen certification standards.

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